What Is Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) refers to a group of related disorders that result from problems with the jaw or jaw joint, or facial muscles involved in jaw movement. TMD and Facial pain can become a pain that you learn to live with as a day-to-day occurrence. It most often presents as a chronic pain but can demonstrate with an occasional acute flare-up. These disorders are often incorrectly referred to as TMJ, which refers only to the temporomandibular joint itself.
What Are The Symptoms Of TMD?
- Chronic facial pain in the face, jaw, neck, and shoulders
- Chronic facial pain in or around the ear
- Limited ability to open the mouth wide
- Difficulty chewing
- Uncomfortable bite
- Swelling on one or both sides of the face
- Clicking or popping noises when opening the mouth
- Headaches and neck aches
These symptoms may arise from any number of easily identifiable and treatable causes, including sinus infections, tooth decay or gum disease.
What Are The Causes Of TMD?
Although there are many causes of TMD, muscles and the neuro-muscular relationship to the teeth are often the primary reason for this debilitating pain. Obtaining muscular physiologic rest is the beginning treatment for resolving these symptoms.
Common causes include:
- Trauma to the head or neck
- Oral habits such as clenching or grinding of the teeth
- “Bad” bite or missing teeth
- Malalignment of the upper and lower jaws
If you are experiencing jaw pain and you live in Minot, Williston, Garrison, New Town, Rugby, Bismark or Devils Lake, ND, give Broadway Family Dentistry a call at (701) 839-1299 or fill out a Contact Form here.